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Geliştiriciler İçin A’dan Z’ye Curl Parametreleri9 min read

Eki 27, 2020 9 min

Geliştiriciler İçin A’dan Z’ye Curl Parametreleri9 min read

Okunur: 9 dakika

Gördüğüm kadarıyla geliştiricilerin pek çoğu curl kullanmayı bilmiyor, bu sebeple web geliştirme işlemleri sırasında yapacakları işlemleri gerçekleştiremiyor. Bazıları da aldığı hatalarda nasıl davranması gerektiğini bilmiyor. Bilmemek ayıp değil.

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Bu sebeple makaleyi kaleme almaya koyuldum. Geliştiricilerin belirli bir seviyede curl bilmeleri gerekiyor. Şu an okumaya başladığınız bu makale sayesinde bunu öğrenebileceksiniz.


Curl’ün detaylı bir çıktı vermesini sağlama

curl -v https://mertcangokgoz.com

veya bunun yerine

curl --verbose https://mertcangokgoz.com

Sadece header bilgilerinin dahil edilmesi

curl -I https://mertcangokgoz.com

veya bunun yerine

curl -include https://mertcangokgoz.com

Curl çıktılarının dosyaya kayıt edilmesi

curl https://mertcangokgoz.com -o mertcangokgoz.txt

Kullanıcı adı ve parola ile curl kullanımı

curl -u username:password https://mertcangokgoz.com

Curl ile yönlendirmelerin takip edilmesi

curl -L https://mertcangokgoz.com

Form ile dosya göndermek

curl -v -include --form key1=value1 --form [email protected] https://mertcangokgoz.com

Spesifik bir user-agent tanımlaması yapma

curl --user-agent "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/86.0.4240.111 Safari/537.36" https://mertcangokgoz.com

PUT isteği ile dosya upload etme

curl --upload-file filename https://mertcangokgoz.com

İstek sırasında hataların sessize alınması

curl --fail https://mertcangokgoz.com

Güvensiz SSL(self-signed) bağlantılarına izin verilmesi

curl --insecure https://mertcangokgoz.com

Spesifik bir SSL protokolünün kullanımı

curl --tlsv1.1 https://mertcangokgoz.com

Referer kullanarak bağlantı sağlanması

curl --referer https://google.com.tr https://mertcangokgoz.com

Cookie kullanımı

curl --cookie filename https://mertcangokgoz.com

Curl içerisinde kullanılabilecek bütün parametreler

Usage: curl [options...] <url>
--abstract-unix-socket <path> Connect via abstract Unix domain socket
--anyauth       Pick any authentication method
-a, --append        Append to target file when uploading
--basic         Use HTTP Basic Authentication
--cacert <CA certificate> CA certificate to verify peer against
--capath <dir>  CA directory to verify peer against
-E, --cert <certificate[:password]> Client certificate file and password
--cert-status   Verify the status of the server certificate
--cert-type <type> Certificate file type (DER/PEM/ENG)
--ciphers <list of ciphers> SSL ciphers to use
--compressed    Request compressed response
-K, --config <file> Read config from a file
--connect-timeout <seconds> Maximum time allowed for connection
--connect-to <HOST1:PORT1:HOST2:PORT2> Connect to host
-C, --continue-at <offset> Resumed transfer offset
-b, --cookie <data> Send cookies from string/file
-c, --cookie-jar <filename> Write cookies to <filename> after operation
--create-dirs   Create necessary local directory hierarchy
--crlf          Convert LF to CRLF in upload
--crlfile <file> Get a CRL list in PEM format from the given file
-d, --data <data>   HTTP POST data
--data-ascii <data> HTTP POST ASCII data
--data-binary <data> HTTP POST binary data
--data-raw <data> HTTP POST data, '@' allowed
--data-urlencode <data> HTTP POST data url encoded
--delegation <LEVEL> GSS-API delegation permission
--digest        Use HTTP Digest Authentication
-q, --disable       Disable .curlrc
--disable-eprt  Inhibit using EPRT or LPRT
--disable-epsv  Inhibit using EPSV
--dns-interface <interface> Interface to use for DNS requests
--dns-ipv4-addr <address> IPv4 address to use for DNS requests
--dns-ipv6-addr <address> IPv6 address to use for DNS requests
--dns-servers <addresses> DNS server addrs to use
-D, --dump-header <filename> Write the received headers to <filename>
--egd-file <file> EGD socket path for random data
--engine <name> Crypto engine to use
--expect100-timeout <seconds> How long to wait for 100-continue
-f, --fail          Fail silently (no output at all) on HTTP errors
--fail-early    Fail on first transfer error, do not continue
--false-start   Enable TLS False Start
-F, --form <name=content> Specify HTTP multipart POST data
--form-string <name=string> Specify HTTP multipart POST data
--ftp-account <data> Account data string
--ftp-alternative-to-user <command> String to replace USER [name]
--ftp-create-dirs Create the remote dirs if not present
--ftp-method <method> Control CWD usage
--ftp-pasv      Use PASV/EPSV instead of PORT
-P, --ftp-port <address> Use PORT instead of PASV
--ftp-pret      Send PRET before PASV
--ftp-skip-pasv-ip Skip the IP address for PASV
--ftp-ssl-ccc   Send CCC after authenticating
--ftp-ssl-ccc-mode <active/passive> Set CCC mode
--ftp-ssl-control Require SSL/TLS for FTP login, clear for transfer
-G, --get           Put the post data in the URL and use GET
-g, --globoff       Disable URL sequences and ranges using {} and []
-I, --head          Show document info only
-H, --header <header/@file> Pass custom header(s) to server
-h, --help          This help text
--hostpubmd5 <md5> Acceptable MD5 hash of the host public key
-0, --http1.0       Use HTTP 1.0
--http1.1       Use HTTP 1.1
--http2         Use HTTP 2
--http2-prior-knowledge Use HTTP 2 without HTTP/1.1 Upgrade
--ignore-content-length Ignore the size of the remote resource
-i, --include       Include protocol response headers in the output
-k, --insecure      Allow insecure server connections when using SSL
--interface <name> Use network INTERFACE (or address)
-4, --ipv4          Resolve names to IPv4 addresses
-6, --ipv6          Resolve names to IPv6 addresses
-j, --junk-session-cookies Ignore session cookies read from file
--keepalive-time <seconds> Interval time for keepalive probes
--key <key>     Private key file name
--key-type <type> Private key file type (DER/PEM/ENG)
--krb <level>   Enable Kerberos with security <level>
--libcurl <file> Dump libcurl equivalent code of this command line
--limit-rate <speed> Limit transfer speed to RATE
-l, --list-only     List only mode
--local-port <num/range> Force use of RANGE for local port numbers
-L, --location      Follow redirects
--location-trusted Like --location, and send auth to other hosts
--login-options <options> Server login options
--mail-auth <address> Originator address of the original email
--mail-from <address> Mail from this address
--mail-rcpt <address> Mail from this address
-M, --manual        Display the full manual
--max-filesize <bytes> Maximum file size to download
--max-redirs <num> Maximum number of redirects allowed
-m, --max-time <time> Maximum time allowed for the transfer
--metalink      Process given URLs as metalink XML file
--negotiate     Use HTTP Negotiate (SPNEGO) authentication
-n, --netrc         Must read .netrc for user name and password
--netrc-file <filename> Specify FILE for netrc
--netrc-optional Use either .netrc or URL
-:, --next          Make next URL use its separate set of options
--no-alpn       Disable the ALPN TLS extension
-N, --no-buffer     Disable buffering of the output stream
--no-keepalive  Disable TCP keepalive on the connection
--no-npn        Disable the NPN TLS extension
--no-sessionid  Disable SSL session-ID reusing
--noproxy <no-proxy-list> List of hosts which do not use proxy
--ntlm          Use HTTP NTLM authentication
--ntlm-wb       Use HTTP NTLM authentication with winbind
--oauth2-bearer <token> OAuth 2 Bearer Token
-o, --output <file> Write to file instead of stdout
--pass <phrase> Pass phrase for the private key
--path-as-is    Do not squash .. sequences in URL path
--pinnedpubkey <hashes> FILE/HASHES Public key to verify peer against
--post301       Do not switch to GET after following a 301
--post302       Do not switch to GET after following a 302
--post303       Do not switch to GET after following a 303
--preproxy [protocol://]host[:port] Use this proxy first
-#, --progress-bar  Display transfer progress as a bar
--proto <protocols> Enable/disable PROTOCOLS
--proto-default <protocol> Use PROTOCOL for any URL missing a scheme
--proto-redir <protocols> Enable/disable PROTOCOLS on redirect
-x, --proxy [protocol://]host[:port] Use this proxy
--proxy-anyauth Pick any proxy authentication method
--proxy-basic   Use Basic authentication on the proxy
--proxy-cacert <file> CA certificate to verify peer against for proxy
--proxy-capath <dir> CA directory to verify peer against for proxy
--proxy-cert <cert[:passwd]> Set client certificate for proxy
--proxy-cert-type <type> Client certificate type for HTTS proxy
--proxy-ciphers <list> SSL ciphers to use for proxy
--proxy-crlfile <file> Set a CRL list for proxy
--proxy-digest  Use Digest authentication on the proxy
--proxy-header <header/@file> Pass custom header(s) to proxy
--proxy-insecure Do HTTPS proxy connections without verifying the proxy
--proxy-key <key> Private key for HTTPS proxy
--proxy-key-type <type> Private key file type for proxy
--proxy-negotiate Use HTTP Negotiate (SPNEGO) authentication on the proxy
--proxy-ntlm    Use NTLM authentication on the proxy
--proxy-pass <phrase> Pass phrase for the private key for HTTPS proxy
--proxy-service-name <name> SPNEGO proxy service name
--proxy-ssl-allow-beast Allow security flaw for interop for HTTPS proxy
--proxy-tlsauthtype <type> TLS authentication type for HTTPS proxy
--proxy-tlspassword <string> TLS password for HTTPS proxy
--proxy-tlsuser <name> TLS username for HTTPS proxy
--proxy-tlsv1   Use TLSv1 for HTTPS proxy
-U, --proxy-user <user:password> Proxy user and password
--proxy1.0 <host[:port]> Use HTTP/1.0 proxy on given port
-p, --proxytunnel   Operate through a HTTP proxy tunnel (using CONNECT)
--pubkey <key>  SSH Public key file name
-Q, --quote         Send command(s) to server before transfer
--random-file <file> File for reading random data from
-r, --range <range> Retrieve only the bytes within RANGE
--raw           Do HTTP "raw"; no transfer decoding
-e, --referer <URL> Referrer URL
-J, --remote-header-name Use the header-provided filename
-O, --remote-name   Write output to a file named as the remote file
--remote-name-all Use the remote file name for all URLs
-R, --remote-time   Set the remote file's time on the local output
-X, --request <command> Specify request command to use
--request-target Specify the target for this request
--resolve <host:port:address> Resolve the host+port to this address
--retry <num>   Retry request if transient problems occur
--retry-connrefused Retry on connection refused (use with --retry)
--retry-delay <seconds> Wait time between retries
--retry-max-time <seconds> Retry only within this period
--sasl-ir       Enable initial response in SASL authentication
--service-name <name> SPNEGO service name
-S, --show-error    Show error even when -s is used
-s, --silent        Silent mode
--socks4 <host[:port]> SOCKS4 proxy on given host + port
--socks4a <host[:port]> SOCKS4a proxy on given host + port
--socks5 <host[:port]> SOCKS5 proxy on given host + port
--socks5-basic  Enable username/password auth for SOCKS5 proxies
--socks5-gssapi Enable GSS-API auth for SOCKS5 proxies
--socks5-gssapi-nec Compatibility with NEC SOCKS5 server
--socks5-gssapi-service <name> SOCKS5 proxy service name for GSS-API
--socks5-hostname <host[:port]> SOCKS5 proxy, pass host name to proxy
-Y, --speed-limit <speed> Stop transfers slower than this
-y, --speed-time <seconds> Trigger 'speed-limit' abort after this time
--ssl           Try SSL/TLS
--ssl-allow-beast Allow security flaw to improve interop
--ssl-no-revoke Disable cert revocation checks (WinSSL)
--ssl-reqd      Require SSL/TLS
-2, --sslv2         Use SSLv2
-3, --sslv3         Use SSLv3
--stderr        Where to redirect stderr
--suppress-connect-headers Suppress proxy CONNECT response headers
--tcp-fastopen  Use TCP Fast Open
--tcp-nodelay   Use the TCP_NODELAY option
-t, --telnet-option <opt=val> Set telnet option
--tftp-blksize <value> Set TFTP BLKSIZE option
--tftp-no-options Do not send any TFTP options
-z, --time-cond <time> Transfer based on a time condition
--tls-max <VERSION> Use TLSv1.0 or greater
--tlsauthtype <type> TLS authentication type
--tlspassword   TLS password
--tlsuser <name> TLS user name
-1, --tlsv1         Use TLSv1.0 or greater
--tlsv1.0       Use TLSv1.0
--tlsv1.1       Use TLSv1.1
--tlsv1.2       Use TLSv1.2
--tlsv1.3       Use TLSv1.3
--tr-encoding   Request compressed transfer encoding
--trace <file>  Write a debug trace to FILE
--trace-ascii <file> Like --trace, but without hex output
--trace-time    Add time stamps to trace/verbose output
--unix-socket <path> Connect through this Unix domain socket
-T, --upload-file <file> Transfer local FILE to destination
--url <url>     URL to work with
-B, --use-ascii     Use ASCII/text transfer
-u, --user <user:password> Server user and password
-A, --user-agent <name> Send User-Agent <name> to server
-v, --verbose       Make the operation more talkative
-V, --version       Show version number and quit
-w, --write-out <format> Use output FORMAT after completion
--xattr         Store metadata in extended file attributes

Sistem Uzmanı, Linux Hacısı, El-Kernel